Project name:

Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture

‘Social Regulations in Water Management’

Project Title:

Drought Preparedness through Social Regulations in Water Management’

Partners and their address:
S/N PartnerAddress
1.Mr.V.Kistappa, CF
Rural Integrated Development Society (RIDS),
D.No. 2 / 282, Main Road,
Garladinna Village & Mandal 
Anantapur District 
AP, India – 515731
Ph: 08551 – 286473 Mobile: 94405 28626
2.Mr.Balaram, CF Jana JaagritiNear Weekly Market, P.O.
Tanakal Mandal,  
Kadiri–515591, Anantapur District,
Andhra Pradesh
Mobile: 94402 24274
3.Mr.Manohar Rao, CF Nava Jyothi Youth ClubNZB Road, Ramayampet- 502 101
Medak District, Telangana
Mobile: 94403 11357
4.Mr.Lingaiah, CF
Centre for Rural Operation Programs Society (CROPS)
H. No. 4-5-15, Venkanna Kunta, PO. 
  Jangaon, Warangal district – 506167, A.P
Mobile: 98486 12190
5.Mrs. Bhanuja, CF
Rural &Environment  Development Society (REDS)
# 14/460/1, TV Tower Complex, 
Hindupur Road, Kadiri – 515591, 
Andhra Pradesh, Ph:08494-223622
Mobile: 94400 17188
6.Mr.Gowrishankar, CF
Root Institute for Manpower Enlightenment and Rural Development (REMEDE)
H. No: 1- 92, L. R .Palli, 
Atmakur – 524 322, Nellore Dist (A.P) 
Mobile: 98485 87825  
7.Mr.Balavardhi Raju, CF 
Praja Abhyudaya Samastha (PAS)
No.90, Bandarlapalli, Cross Road, 
Ramakuppam, Chittor district – 517401, A.P., Mobile: 93901 01722    
8.Mr.S.Hydervali, CF
Society for Action and Village Education (SAVE)
D.No: 1/39, Gangamma Street,
Gandlapenta Village and Mandal
Anantapur district – 515 521, AP
mobile: 94406 83939
Project field area: no. and name of the villages, block, district etc.
Year of InterventionName of organizationNo of GPs coveredName of GP / VillageName of Mandal / District
From 2004
1.RIDS1Madirepalli & AkuleduSinganamala / Anantapur
2.Jana Jaagriti1CR PalliTanakal / Anantapur
3.Nava Jyothi1MylaramChinakodur / Medak
From 2007
4.CROPS1EnabaviLingalaghanpur / Warangal
From 2008
5.REDS1EguvapalliKadiri / Anantapur
6.PAS1C.KuppamRamakuppam / Chittoor
7.SAVE1EdurudonaNP Kunta / Anantapur
8.REMEDE1AnantapuramMarripadu / Nellore
Total project period and starting date:

Total Project Period is 10 years starting from 2003

Total project period:

Ten Years

Project Duration:


Total approved budget and budget for the present year:

15 Lakhs

Total approved budget is of Rs.1,95,43,253/-

Project Objective / overall Goal and Expected Results

Overall goal:

Evolve models to equip community with drought mitigation preparedness strategies through better water management and regulations at community level and to support CBOs and PRIs in prioritizing the needs of the community for drinking water, for irrigation and other uses, based on principles of equity.


Develop capacities of communities and NGOs on crop-water budgeting, water supply and demand and water balance systems

Strengthen the role of PRIs and water users associations towards decentralized decision making and creating an authority to enforce rules, regulations and norms

Regulate water demand to ensure that every one has access to at least the basic minimum of water for drinking and household purposes, and Ensure regulatory mechanisms in irrigation practices to fit / relate with organizational structures such as water user associations, watershed committees etc., and develop appropriate linkages to other natural resource sectors.

Result 1 : The equitable share of water for different crops was analyzed and promoted collective approach after making a distinction between water conserving crops and water intensive crops.

Result 2 : Development of mechanisms and support systems for integration of social regulations model with watershed projects and up-scaling the experience elsewhere on much large scale.

Result 3 : Institutionalized social regulations at village level that govern the allocation, use and management of water for the different purposes

Result 4 : Enhancing water resources availability through harvesting and adoption of suitable crops, knowing the adoptive measures for optimum use of resources

Result 5 : Promoted efficient irrigation techniques (sprinkler and drip systems) to improve per drop productivity

Major achievements till date

Perception changes of peoples towards groundwater as a common property can be seen in the villages;

Watershed committee / CBOs take up the agenda of local groundwater management in addition to existing resource conservation functions

Use of water saving technologies and practices by the sharing groups resulting in groundwater saving and demand-side management

More than 500 water sharing groups (each consists of 2-3 farmers) were promoted to sharing the water for irrigation

Till date about 2600 acres of extent was brought under micro irrigation in all the project villages

The impact of the program is felt by the factor that agencies like District Water Management Agency (DWMA) and watershed supporting financial institution like NABARD have taken steps to integrate the programme in their programmes. Several people including government, in the field of water and development from India and abroad have visited social regulations programme villages

Studies on Energy and water have been initiated. Low input low water required System of Rice Intensification (SRI) has been facilitated on pilot basis which is in good progress

As a part of the project, farmers groups were educated on need for use of capacitors, energy-efficient pumps and devices. Awareness was created on energy conservation and further leading to water conservation. As a result more than 200 farmers are using capacitors to their pump-sets

About 120 farmers had taken up SRI paddy in about 120 acres of extent. In PAS (Chittoor district) area more than 100 farmers had taken up System of Sugarcane Intensification (SSI) on par with SRI paddy in about 173 acres of extent. Of which 35 farmers initiated in 50 acres from 2 GPs of SR area

Concerned staff member:

Dr. P.Lakshminarayana


AEI, Luxembourg

Significant learning till date

This project proposes to extend the work and upscale the community management model to a “critical mass” that attracts the attention of the policy makers and government departments. Through this project efforts were in progress to promote replication, integration with ongoing programmes such as watershed management

Appropriate demand-side management of groundwater through collective actions coupled with groundwater recharge augmentation will ensure resource sustainability, which in turn secures lives and livelihoods of project beneficiaries

This model has been attracted by higher level officials from the departments like DMWA, Agriculture and APMIP etc

Different community institutions like PRI, women’s groups were able to take forward the agenda of water as focus area and manage through social regulations

Villagers could realize the importance of conservation of natural resources for which they could take up renovation of small water bodies and recharge of open wells etc., Access to water for all in all the project villages was taking place

The idea gets accepted as an essential component in NRM related projects. Appropriate institutional models for local community water management have been evolved

Participatory Hydrological Monitoring (PHM) and groundwater budgeting has been revealing the trend in reduction in mining and improvement in groundwater situation in the project area. Number of additional area brought under life-saving irrigation and number of families got access to water are also important indicators of results in the project

However facing difficulties towards Difficulties in accessing subsidies from Government funded schemes such as (APMIP) due to limited allocations may hamper the project objective. In addition, schemes like APMIP subsidize micro irrigation kits to individual farmers